Nearly fifty years ago George Romero forever changed the landscape of the indie horror films with his debut feature Night of the Living Dead (1968). This tradition has continued as emerging directors have used horror to launch their careers, consistently breathing new life into the genre—from Sam Raimi’s The Evil Dead (1981) to Tobe Hooper’s The Texas Chain Saw Massacre (1974).

This generation introduces a new wave of indie horror films that play with cultural influences, horror clichés and self-awareness within their work. Here are ten indie horror films that are redefining fear.


1. THE BABADOOK (2014)



Director: Jennifer Kent
Writer: Jennifer Kent

Budget: $2 million

Summary: The Babadook (2014) is about a troubled young boy and his mother, who find themselves tormented by a nightmarish creature that appears in their home via a mysterious pop-up children’s book. Following the film’s release, William Friedkin, the legendary director of The Exorcist, announced: “I’ve never seen a more terrifying film.”






Director: Eli Craig
Writer: Eli Craig, Morgan Jurgenson

Budget: $2 million

Summary: Tucker and Dale vs. Evil (2010) is an incredibly entertaining twist of perspective, following two hapless rednecks that are mistaken for backwoods killers by a group of preppy college kids. This film is a romp in ‘meta-horror’ territory, slashing its way through tropes and emerging covered in blood and gore and a whole lot of heart.



3. CREEP (2014)



Director: Patrick Brice
Writer: Patrick Brice, Mark Duplass

Budget: Unknown

Summary: Creep (2014) is unlike anything you’ve seen before: a mumblecore found footage endeavour that treads the water between comedy and psychological horror. Director/writer Patrick Brice plays a naïve videographer who answers a cryptic online ad, and begins documenting the charming and increasingly unhinged Mark Duplass, who produced and co-wrote the film. This film truly a testament to what two people can do with talent, a camera and a rubber wolf mask.






Director: J.A. Bayona
Writer: Sergio G. Sánchez

Budget: $4 million

Summary: If you prefer your horror films to come with a pedigree, rest assured that The Orphanage (2007) not only opened at the Cannes Film Festival, but also received a ten-minute standing ovation from the audience. The film centers on a woman who moves her family into the orphanage that she grew up in, her hopes to reopen it abruptly halted when her son goes missing under mysterious circumstances.



5. DOG SOLDIERS (2002)



Director: Neil Marshall
Writer: Neil Marshall

Budget: $2 million

Summary: Before director Neil Marshall released his critically acclaimed feature The Decent (2005), he first tested the waters of horror with Dog Soldiers (2002), a film that wholeheartedly celebrates the low-budget comedy-horror genre. In the Scottish Highlands a group of soldiers is forced to barricade themselves in a farmhouse and fight off a wave of bloodthirsty werewolves.



6. RESOLUTION (2012)



Director: Justin Benson, Aaron Moorhead
Writer: Justin Benson

Budget: Unknown

Summary: A disarmingly funny genre-twisting film that opens with a man’s aggressive attempt to help detox his meth-addicted best friend, and switches gear when a mysterious entity begins targeting them. Exploring a barrage of classic horror-film clichés, Resolution (2012) is a breath of fresh air for those who feel they have thoroughly OD’d on the genre.



7. LAKE MUNGO (2008)



Director: Joel Anderson
Writer: Joel Anderson

Budget: $1 million

Summary: Presented as a faux-documentary about the death and secretive live of a sixteen year old girl, Lake Mungo (2008) feels like something you might stumble across while watching late night television, blurring the line between reality and nightmare. This is a gem of a horror film that blends the complexity of grief, memory and the afterlife.






Director: Ana Lily Amirpour
Writer: Ana Lily Amirpour

Budget: $1 million

Summary: The critically acclaimed A Girl Walks Home Alone at Night (2014) is a stylish cross-cultural black-and-white feast for the eyes that can be summed up by its tagline, ‘The first Iranian Vampire Western’. The result is a film that was clearly made with excitement, passion and a true love of the cinema.



9. HONEYMOON (2014)



Director: Leigh Janiak
Writer: Phil Graziadei, Leigh Janiak

Budget:   $1 Million USD

Summary: In the 2014 film Honeymoon, a newlywed couple finds their brief marital bliss shattered when the bride begins sleepwalking and acting increasingly erratic. This film plays on the very relatable anxiety that goes along with intimacy and commitment, taking it to a chilling extreme.



10. THE LOVED ONES (2009)



Director: Sean Byrne
Writer: Sean Byrne

Budget:   $4 million

Summary: A future cult classic, The Loved Ones (2009) feels like an absolutely horrific mashup of Carrie (1976) and Misery (1990). When a socially awkward young woman is turned down for a date to the prom by the high school heartthrob, she and her father take things into their own hands to give her the night that she so desperately desires.



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    Coming up at this year’s Vancouver International Film Festival is Apolonia, Apolonia. Read more about VIFF 2023 and the film below!



    The 2023 Vancouver International Film Festival is returning from Thursday, September 28 – Sunday, October 8. VIFF has become one of Vancouver’s most beloved film festivals over its many years. This year’s festival showcases over 140 films, 100 shorts, VIFF Live performances, Talks and special events!


    InFocus Film School has partnered with VIFF to showcase Apolonia, Apolonia, one of many fantastic films screening this year. Directed by Lea Glob, Apolonia, Apolonia follows French painter Apolonia Sokol over the course of 13 years. It explores her journey as a modern-day artist and the struggles she faces living in a patriarchal and capitalist art world.





    Apolonia Sokol, a captivating and multi-talented artist, takes center stage in the documentary Apolonia, Apolonia, directed by Lea Glob. This remarkable film chronicles her extraordinary life and artistic journey over the course of 13 years, offering a profound exploration of her unique world and creative struggles.


    Born into a world of artistry and intellect, Apolonia Sokol is the daughter of accomplished actor parents, immersing her in an environment surrounded by poets, artists, and intellectuals. She calls a vast Parisian building home, sharing space with an experimental theater company. In addition to her artistic endeavors, Apolonia hosts plays, dinner parties for the bohemian crowd, and generously opens her humble abode to exiled Ukrainian feminist activists.



    What sets Apolonia apart is her magnetic charm and the ease with which she transitions between languages, effortlessly conversing in French, English, Danish, and Polish. Beyond her social prowess, Apolonia is also a highly talented artist, known for her singular vision and unwavering determination.



    Lea Glob’s Apolonia, Apolonia delves deep into the life of this young French painter, capturing her intense struggles to navigate the patriarchal and capitalist art world. The documentary is a testament to Apolonia’s resilience, creativity, and determination. It not only celebrates her charisma but also serves as a remarkable document of the profound friendship and creative synergy between the filmmaker, Lea Glob, and her subject, Apolonia Sokol.





    Celebrated filmmaker Lea Glob, hailing from Mariager, Denmark, has consistently made waves in the world of documentary cinema. Her impressive career includes remarkable collaborations and accolades, establishing her as a prominent figure in the industry. Lea Glob embarks on a new chapter in her career with her new documentary Apolonia, Apolonia, marking her first documentary feature as a solo director. As the world eagerly anticipates this latest cinematic offering, Lea Glob’s outstanding talent and storytelling prowess are set to captivate audiences once again.





    You can see Apolonia, Apolonia at this year’s VIFF festival, screening on Thursday, September 28 at 8:45 pm and Sunday, October 01 at 3:45 pm! Get your tickets here.



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      As we watch the summer fade into the background, back to school season has rushed in to take its place. Get in the academic spirit by diving into some of the best back to school movies! 


      back to school movies


      From iconic classics to modern masterpieces, these great back to school movies are not only entertaining but also empowering! They offer valuable life lessons to help you navigate the academic landscape and ease the transition to student life. Whether you’re a new student looking for cinematic inspiration, or simply seeking a nostalgic trip down memory lane, this article has 20 great back to school movies that will leave you empowered and inspired!



      1. RUSHMORE (1998)

      Rushmore (1998) is a great choice to get you in the mood to go back to school, especially if you’re a Wes Anderson fan! This gem captures the high school experience with quirky humor and heartfelt moments that resonate with students of all ages. At its core, the film explores the ups and downs of adolescence, the awkwardness of first crushes, and the pursuit of one’s passions, all set against the backdrop of a prestigious prep school.


      back to school movies


      Jason Schwartzman’s character, Max Fischer, embodies the determination and enthusiasm that can inspire anyone to approach a new school year with determination. With its unique visual style and relatable themes, Rushmore reminds us that school is not just about learning but also about forging friendships, and embracing adventure.



      2. LADY BIRD (2017)

      Lady Bird (2017) is a must-watch film as you gear up for a new academic year. Greta Gerwig’s masterful storytelling and Saoirse Ronan’s exceptional performance combine to create an authentic and relatable coming-of-age tale. Set against the backdrop of a Catholic high school in Sacramento, the film brilliantly captures the rollercoaster of emotions that come with the final year of high school.


      back to school movies


      It beautifully explores themes of self-discovery, the complexities of mother-daughter relationships, and the universal desire for independence. Lady Bird‘s journey resonates with anyone who has ever felt the push and pull of leaving home for new horizons.




      3. TOY STORY 3 (2010)

      Toy Story 3 (2010) might not be a traditional back-to-school film, but it’s an absolute gem to watch when gearing up for a new academic year. This beloved Pixar masterpiece appeals to audiences of all ages with its heartwarming and relatable storytelling. As Andy prepares to leave for college, the toys themselves face a transition that mirrors the bittersweet emotions many students experience when leaving home.


      back to school movies


      The film’s exploration of friendship, loyalty, and embracing change is both touching and inspiring. Plus, the colorful and imaginative world of toys reminds us of the sense of wonder and creativity that can make learning so exciting. Toy Story 3 teaches us that while growing up and going back to school may be filled with uncertainty, it’s also an opportunity for adventure and new beginnings. This makes Toy Story 3 an ideal movie to set the mood for the new school year ahead!




      4. THE BREAKFAST CLUB (1985)

      The Breakfast Club (1984) remains a timeless classic for anyone looking to get into the back-to-school spirit. John Hughes’ iconic film brings together a diverse group of high school students, each representing a different social clique, and places them in Saturday detention. As they spend the day together, they break down barriers and form unexpected bonds.


      back to school movies


      This film beautifully captures the complexities of teenage life, highlighting the struggles of identity, peer pressure, and the desire to be understood. Watching these characters evolve from stereotypes into genuine individuals serves as a powerful reminder that everyone has their own unique story to tell.




      5. DEAD POETS SOCIETY (1989)

      Dead Poets Society (1989) is an inspirational and thought-provoking film that serves as a perfect prelude to the school year ahead. Set in an all-boys preparatory school, the movie is a poignant exploration of the transformative power of education and the importance of thinking for oneself. The great Robin Williams delivers a remarkable performance as John Keating, an English teacher who encourages his students to seize the day and embrace the art of poetry.


      back to school movies


      This film not only celebrates the joy of learning but also underscores the significance of challenging conventions, pursuing one’s passions, and finding your unique voice. As we prepare to head back to campus, Dead Poets Society reminds us to approach our studies with curiosity, creativity, and a sense of purpose.




      6. EIGHTH GRADE (2018)

      When it comes to the beautiful awkwardness of being a teenager, Bo Burnham’s Eighth Grade (2018) offers an honest and relatable portrayal of the challenges faced by adolescents on the cusp of high school. Burnham masterfully captures the anxieties, insecurities, and hopes that come with the transition to a new academic environment. Through the lens of its protagonist, Kayla, the film navigates themes of self-identity, social media pressures, and the quest for acceptance.


      back to school movies


      Watching Kayla’s journey to find her voice and forge meaningful connections serves as a poignant reminder that every new school year is an opportunity for growth, self-discovery, and the chance to overcome our fears.




      7. CENTER STAGE (2000)

      Center Stage (2000) is a delightful choice for those seeking motivation as they head back to school. This film throws viewers into the competitive and demanding world of ballet, where aspiring dancers at a prestigious academy strive to achieve their dreams.


      back to school movies


      As they navigate rigorous training, personal challenges, and the pursuit of excellence, the characters in Center Stage express qualities such as dedication, perseverance, and passion that can be applied to any academic pursuit! Moreover, the film’s themes of friendship, self-discovery, and the pursuit of one’s true passion resonate with students at any stage of their educational journey. The film encourages us to pursue our goals with unwavering determination and reminds us that success often requires pushing our boundaries and embracing our unique talents.




      8. AKEELAH AND THE BEE (2006)

      Akeelah and the Bee (2006) is a great academic-themed film to watch because it celebrates the power of education, determination, and the pursuit of one’s dreams. This heartwarming film tells the story of Akeelah, a young girl with a remarkable talent for spelling, who aspires to compete in the National Spelling Bee.


      back to school movies


      The movie underscores the importance of hard work, resilience, and the support of mentors and peers in achieving academic goals. It encourages you to embrace your unique talents and believe in your potential as you face the challenges and opportunities of the new school year with confidence and enthusiasm!




      9. FRIDAY NIGHT LIGHTS (2004)

      Friday Night Lights (2004) is a great choice to get you into the school spirit, even if it primarily revolves around the world of high school football. This powerful sports drama not only captures the electrifying atmosphere of Friday night football games but also delves deep into the lives of the players, their families, and the community that rallies behind them.


      back to school movies


      As these athletes strive for excellence on the field, the film underscores the importance of teamwork, perseverance, and the pursuit of one’s dreams. Moreover, it showcases the pressures and expectations faced by high school students, highlighting their resilience and the mentorship they receive from dedicated educators and coaches.




      10. MONSTER UNIVERSITY (2013)

      Monsters University (2013) takes you on a hilarious and heartwarming journey through the world of higher education, albeit in a slightly unconventional setting. This animated gem provides a delightful blend of comedy, friendship, and life lessons that resonate with students of all ages!


      back to school movies


      The film follows the endearing characters Mike and Sulley as they embark on their collegiate adventure at Monsters University. This feel-good film illustrates that success in school is not solely determined by one’s initial expectations but often by the lessons learned and the friendships forged along the way. Its vibrant and imaginative world is a delightful reminder that the school experience can be full of surprises, personal growth, and, most importantly, fun. Watching this film is sure to infuse you with the joyful school spirit, motivating you to make the most of your own educational journey.





      11. BOOKSMART (2019)

      Booksmart (2019) is a perfect film to watch as you begin your new academic year as it brilliantly encapsulates the essence of youth, friendship, and the transformative power of education! Olivia Wilde’s directorial debut is a refreshing take on the traditional coming-of-age narrative, following two high-achieving friends who decide to let loose and experience the teenage rites of passage they’ve missed.


      back to school movies


      This film celebrates the importance of balancing hard work with making meaningful connections and having fun. It’s a reminder that while academic pursuits are essential, so too are the relationships and experiences that shape our growth during our school years.




      12. 10 THINGS I HATE ABOUT YOU (1999)

      A beloved high-school classic for many of our younger generations, full of witty banter, the fight for popularity & high school love! This modern adaptation of Shakespeare’s “The Taming of the Shrew” is set in a high school and revolves around the complexities of teenage relationships and identity.


      back to school movies


      10 Things I Hate About You emphasizes the importance of authenticity and the courage to be oneself while navigating the social dynamics of high school. It’s a reminder that school is not just about academics but also a place where friendships blossom, and valuable life experiences are gained.




      13. SING STREET (2016)

      Set in the 1980s in Dublin, Sing Street (2016) is a musical that follows a group of teenagers who form a band as a means of self-expression and escape from their daily struggles. The film beautifully captures the power of music and creativity in the face of adversity. Sing Street encourages viewers to pursue their passions, forge their unique paths, and find their voices, even in the midst of academic challenges.


      back to school movies


      It’s a heartfelt reminder that school is not just about textbooks and exams; it’s a place to also discover your identity and explore your talents. With its infectious soundtrack and heartwarming storyline, this film will leave you inspired, ready to face the school year with confidence, and eager to embrace the opportunities for self-discovery and growth that lie ahead!




      14. LEGALLY BLONDE (2001)

      Legally Blonde (2001) is a great movie to watch as you embark on a new academic year because of it’s powerful message about resilience. The film follows the journey of Elle Woods, a seemingly stereotypical sorority girl, who defies expectations by enrolling in Harvard Law School to win back her ex-boyfriend. Along the way, she discovers her true potential and the power of determination, proving that you can overcome any obstacle when you believe in yourself!


      back to school movies


      Legally Blonde is a reminder that success in academia, or any field, isn’t limited by appearances or preconceived notions. It encourages viewers to embrace their individuality, work hard, and persevere in the face of challenges, ultimately showing that with dedication and self-confidence, you can achieve your goals and excel in your academic pursuits.




      15. LARRY CROWNE (2011)

      Larry Crowne (2011) is a film that offers valuable lessons and a sense of optimism, making it an excellent choice as you kickstart your new academic year. Tom Hanks, who also directed the movie, plays the titular character, Larry Crowne, who returns to college to reinvent himself after losing his job. The film beautifully illustrates the idea that it’s never too late to pursue education and personal growth. It encourages viewers to embrace change, step out of their comfort zones, and seize new opportunities.


      back to school movies


      Through Larry’s journey of self-discovery and the friendships he forms with his diverse classmates, Larry Crowne reinforces the notion that education is a lifelong journey filled with the potential for self-improvement and meaningful connections.




      16. INSIDE OUT (2015)

      Inside Out (2015) is a beloved film, providing valuable insights into the emotional rollercoaster that often accompanies major life transitions, including starting a new school year. This animated masterpiece takes viewers on a journey inside the mind of a young girl named Riley, personifying her emotions as colorful characters. It teaches us that it’s okay to feel our emotions including fear, sadness, and joy. Especially when facing new challenges like a new academic year!


      back to school movies


      The film encourages self-awareness and empathy, reminding us that everyone, even our teachers and classmates, has their own inner emotional world. Inside Out underscores the importance of understanding and managing our emotions, which can be particularly helpful when dealing with the ups and downs of academic life.




      17. CLUELESS (1995)

      Clueless (1995) is an iconic and timeless film that offers a fun and stylish way to get into the back-to-school spirit. Set in a high school in Beverly Hills, this modern adaptation of Jane Austen’s “Emma” follows the life of Cher Horowitz, a fashionable and popular teenager who decides to play matchmaker.


      back to school movies


      While it may seem like a lighthearted teen comedy, Clueless carries valuable messages about friendship, self-discovery, and the importance of kindness and empathy. Cher’s journey from a seemingly shallow teenager to someone who genuinely cares about others serves as an inspiring reminder that personal growth is a significant part of the school experience. This film is not only entertaining but also a fun way to start your new school year with a positive attitude!




      18. REMEMBER THE TITANS (2000)

      Remember the Titans (2000) is a sports drama is based on the true story of a high school football team in Alexandria, Virginia, as they navigate racial integration and cultural differences in the early 1970s. The film highlights the power of teamwork, leadership, and the ability to bridge divides through shared goals and understanding.


      back to school movies


      As you start your new academic year, Remember the Titans reminds you that unity, respect, and embracing diversity are essential values that can lead to success both on and off the field. It’s a heartwarming story that encourages you to face challenges with determination, empathy, and a commitment to making your school community a better place for everyone.




      19. FAME (1980)

      This musical drama takes you into the vibrant and competitive world of students at the High School of Performing Arts in New York City. It celebrates the dedication, talent, and resilience required to excel in the arts while navigating the challenges of school life.


      back to school movies


      Fame is a testament to the idea that with hard work, perseverance, and a supportive network, you can achieve your goals. It’s an inspiring reminder to embrace your unique talents, pursue your passions, and strive for excellence in your academic and artistic endeavors!


      20. MEAN GIRLS (2004)

      Last but certainly not least, Mean Girls (2004) is a brilliant choice to watch as you embark on a new school year because it provides both humor and valuable life lessons about the complexities of social dynamics in high school. This witty and satirical comedy takes a humorous approach to addressing issues such as bullying, peer pressure, and the search for identity.


      back to school movies


      Through the eyes of the protagonist, Cady Heron, it highlights the importance of staying true to oneself. The film serves as a reminder that while high school can be a challenging environment, it’s also an opportunity to learn valuable lessons about kindness, empathy, and the importance of community. Mean Girls will entertain you while offering insights that can help you navigate the ups and downs of the school year with grace and integrity.





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        Discover why game design could be the perfect career for you! In this article, we’ll launch into 5 compelling reasons why tech-savvy creatives should embrace the world of game design as a potential career path.



        If you’re a creative with a passion for gaming and technology, you might want to look into the career of a game designer. The world of game design is a place where art meets technology, and where creative problem solving is the name of the game! So, strap in and power up as we learn why game design could be the next career path for you!



        Game designers are like digital alchemists, weaving together lines of code with strokes of creativity to create entire universes. In other words, it’s a sort of fusion where the world of programming meets the symphonic artistry of storytelling, character design, and world-building. Now don’t get us wrong, this is by no means a compromise between disciplines. Rather, game design is a celebration of synergy between two seemingly unrelated worlds of storytelling and programming.


        Game designers are the masters of crafting interactive art that challenges our brains, inspires emotions, and brings joy to millions. You’ll soon discover that the creative possibilities within the game design industry are as boundless as the galaxies you’ll create in the digital cosmos!


        Screenshot from a potions class in Hogwarts Legacy (2023)




        Games are no longer just mindless entertainment; they are powerful storytelling mediums for people of all walks of life. Modern game design places a strong emphasis on narrative, character development, and emotional engagement. This means your knack for storytelling can shine in this industry!


        You’ll be able to craft intricate plotlines, build multi-dimensional characters, and shape player experiences that will leave a lasting impact. As a game designer, you’ll have the opportunity to tell stories that players can actively participate in and shape as they progress throughout the game.


        game design storytelling





        Game design offers an endless playground for your creativity. Whether you’re tackling complex game mechanics, optimizing performance, or designing user-friendly interfaces, you’ll constantly face exciting and rewarding challenges.


        Each project presents an opportunity for creative logic, to experiment with new technologies, and to create unique gaming experiences for people around the world. This means your ability to find creative solutions will be your greatest asset in this ever-evolving industry!






        Game development is a collaborative process that brings together diverse talents from a range of different disciplines. You’ll collaborate with artists, writers, musicians, and programmers to bring the game to life. You’ll not only expand your technical skills as a game designer, but also gain a deeper understanding of different creative and technical roles required to create and launch a video or mobile game. Collaboration in game design is where innovation flourishes, making it an ideal career for those who thrive in team settings.





        This is all great stuff, but what about job prospects in game design? You’ll be happy to know that the career outlook is remarkably promising and brimming with exciting opportunities! In an era where gaming has transcended mere entertainment to become a global cultural phenomenon, the demand for skilled game designers has skyrocketed.


        game design interview


        This isn’t just a career; it’s an adventure into a multi-billion-dollar industry that shows no signs of slowing down anytime soon. Armed with the right skills, aspiring game designers can secure rewarding positions in well-established gaming studios or even venture into the indie scene to craft their own unique experiences! The realm of game design is an ever-expanding universe, offering roles in concept art, game mechanics, storytelling, and beyond.


        Whether you’re drawn to AAA titles, mobile gaming, or immersive virtual reality experiences, there’s a place for you in the game design industry to carve out your creative legacy. Game design offers the unique opportunity to merge artistry and technology, tell compelling stories, solve complex problems, collaborate with diverse talents, and make a global impact. As technology evolves and the appetite for innovative gaming experiences grows, your journey as a game designer promises not just financial stability but the chance to shape the future of interactive entertainment. The horizons are limitless, and the adventure is yours to embark upon!




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          will ai replace screenwriters

          In this new age of emerging AI technology and disruptions within the the film industry, one question has been on many our minds: Will AI replace screenwriters in Hollywood? Keep on reading to hear our 8 reasons why AI won’t replace the humanity of real screenwriters in the film industry. 


          will ai replace screenwriters


          The essence of authentic storytelling is firmly rooted in the human experience. Stories that call to the complexities of human emotion and the impact of different relationships we form in our lives. While AI can certainly be used for analysis or identifying trends within groups of data, anything requiring emotional intelligence or connection would be a struggle to create for AI without any human intervention. The importance of human creativity, imagination and intuition is simply undeniable. Not to mention the sheer fluidity of the creative process!



          The “human touch” in storytelling is the catalyst that elevates narratives from words on paper to unforgettable experiences. Screenwriters have the power to breathe life into the characters they create, infusing them with depth, complexities, and relatable human qualities. By immersing themselves in their characters emotions and experiences, screenwriters pave the way for authentic connections between the characters and the audience.


          When it comes to the script, crafting compelling dialogue is an art form full of subtle complexities of the human experience. It’s this experience that enables writers to evoke powerful emotions that resonate deeply with viewers – something that AI will struggle to replicate without human prompts. It’s this ability to empathize and understand the human condition that screenwriters foster such an emotional connection between the audience and their stories.


          will ai replace screenwriters


          While AI has made significant strides in generating content and examining text, it lacks the quality of human emotion – the most important part of the scriptwriting process! Algorithms may analyze data and create logical plotlines, but they cannot fathom the depth and nuance of human feelings. The empathy and the genuine connection that comes from shared experiences remain uniquely, exclusively human.




          Imagination is the lifeforce of every screenwriter, propelling them to transcend the limits of reality and explore uncharted territories or uncommon themes. Human screenwriters rely on their imagination to craft unique yet relatable experiences and characters. The mind of a screenwriter has the power to roam freely, breaking boundaries and daring to ask questions like “what if?”



          Artificial intelligence, while unquestionably impressive in its data analysis and pattern recognition, lacks the imaginative capacity that defines human creativity. It cannot fathom the boundless scope of human thought or the audacity to dream BIG!




          In the realm of storytelling, intuition is an invaluable compass that guides screenwriters in navigating the intricacies of human behavior and cultural nuances. Our ability to perceive the subtleties in how people behave enables us to craft complex characters that transcend the pages of the script.


          By drawing from personal experiences and empathizing with others, screenwriters are able to fill their narratives with authenticity and relatability. As a result, the emotional journeys within these narratives become more palpable to audiences. Cultural contexts and the characteristics of different social groups further enriches the storytelling process, as we bring diverse perspectives and authenticity to the forefront. While AI excels at processing data, it remains forever stunted by its inability to understand the motivations behind human behaviour.




          The creative process for screenwriters is a mesmerizing dance of skills that combine strategic thinking, problem-solving, and non-linear reasoning. As screenwriters embark on the journey of developing a script, they dissect ideas, characters, and plotlines with analytical precision, allowing them to fine-tune the underlying structures that make a story compelling. Screenwriters become master problem-solvers in how they use their creativity to overcome narrative hurdles.



          On top of this, the ability for screenwriters to think in non-linear terms is exactly how many scripts take flight! What we mean by this is, as humans, our imagination allows us to think without structure – which is a good thing! Screenwriters are able to create a variety of different outcomes from one event, and are able to determine the ideal outcome to help propel their story while keeping audiences engaged.


          In comparison, AI is unable to create outside of a linear framework. A successful narrative springs from a well of emotions, empathy, and an understanding of the human condition that can only truly come from lived experiences. A good narrative is not merely a sequence of events; it is a mirror reflecting our lives as human beings. Screenwriters draw inspiration from their own emotions, as well as the emotions of others, crafting characters that breathe with life and stories that resonate on a visceral level.



          In this part, we’ll emphasize how human screenwriters craft characters that feel like friends, mentors, or even adversaries to the audience. We’ll discuss the significance of humanizing struggles and triumphs, leading to emotional catharsis and memorable storytelling.


          will ai replace screenwriters




          Rewrites take time, effort, collaboration and the ability to be adaptable! As scripts evolve during production, the need for revisions may arise. Some of the reasons for rewrites could be to accommodate things like budget constraints, actor availability, and creative input from directors and producers. Screenwriters must navigate this process strategically, thinking on their feet to craft solutions that maintain the integrity of the story while meeting the production’s demands. This requires a delicate balance between staying true to the original vision and being open to constructive feedback.


          However, when it comes to AI, it simply cannot replicate the brainpower of a screenwriter. The acute awareness and understanding needed to maintain the story’s integrity, combined with the level of collaboration necessary for rewrites is far too complex for artificial intelligence to navigate. The human touch in screenwriting infuses stories with depth, authenticity, and emotional resonance – all of which are crucial in the commercial success of a film. As such, the skills that screenwriters have as master storytellers are indispensable aspects of the craft that AI cannot recreate solely on their own.



          As mentioned above, rewrites require crew collaboration. But this isn’t the only aspect of screenwriting that demands collaboration. From the initial stages of script development to the final moments on set, screenwriters engage in a dynamic exchange of ideas, working in unison with directors to shape the narrative. They collaborate with actors to breathe life into their characters, providing insights and nuances that enhance the authenticity of performances. Throughout the production process, screenwriters collaborate with various departments, such as production designers, costume designers, and cinematographers, to ensure that the visual elements align seamlessly with the story’s essence. AI, despite its remarkable capabilities, cannot replicate this level of collaboration. It lacks the intuitive understanding of human emotions and the intricate dance of ideas that underpin successful collaboration between different members of a production team. The value of human creativity, empathy, and adaptability in the collaborative process is irreplaceable. Aspiring screenwriters, screenwriting students, and professional storytellers should celebrate their unique role in fostering collaboration, understanding that their craft transcends algorithms and plays an integral part in bringing exceptional stories to life on the silver screen.


          In this part, we’ll underline the significance of collaboration in the entertainment industry. We’ll explore how screenwriters collaborate with directors, actors, and other creatives to bring their visions to life, producing collaborative masterpieces.



          Stories can wield immense influence, no matter if its a book, a script, or a song. Because of this, screenwriters bear the responsibility of addressing delicate subjects and moral dilemmas with sensitivity and respect in their writing. By drawing upon their own moral compass and cultural awareness, screenwriters navigate through these themes with care, developing narratives that provoke thought and evoke empathy, while sparking meaningful discussions. This discernment is deeply rooted in understanding the potential impact of their words, ensuring that no one is marginalized or insulted as a result of poor writing.



          In contrast, while AI can generate content based on data, it lacks the intricate understanding of societal nuances and cultural sensitivities that screenwriters have. AI’s algorithmic nature limits its ability to grasp the emotional and ethical dimensions of storytelling. It lacks the ability to truly comprehend the subtle undercurrents that shape human interactions and cultural dynamics. While it can churn out content based on patterns and previously-generated content, it simply cannot engage in the critical dialogue necessary to address complex moral dilemmas or sensitive subjects in ways that human screenwriters already do in the industry.



          Once again we land on the same burning question: will AI replace screenwriters? It seems to us that the skills and abilities of human screenwriters can’t be replaced by artificial intelligence. Writers who want to work in film can take solace in these 8 undeniable reasons why Hollywood needs human screenwriters. AI alone can’t replace the humanity and the soul of storytelling: the creativity, imagination, intuition, and complexities of the human mind. Hollywood needs passionate, professional screenwriters to continue weaving narratives that touch our hearts, inspire and entertain us, and spark larger, meaningful conversations.

          In a world where AI may weave words, its humanity that breathes souls into characters and their stories. Screenwriters, embrace your purpose, your potential, and your power!! You are the vanguards of artistry, the keepers of empathy, and the sages of emotion, further cementing that human creativity shall forever remain the greatest and most irreplaceable story of them all!



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            lighting tips


            Lighting is a crucial part of the filmmaking experience. It gives films a special look and style that can be unique to the film and can help facilitate more dynamic storytelling. It affects the tone, mood, and can subconsciously control the audience’s emotion as well.

            Understanding fundamental lighting is extremely important for better cinematography. Here are 3 tips you MUST know in order to be a better cinematographer!


            Read more

            The 3D animation industry is a great place for anyone with a creative eye and a knack for computers! But what is involved in the animation process? What do you have to do to create your own 3D animation? In this blog post, we’ll take you on a journey through the typical 3D animation pipeline, showcasing the key steps involved in creating an animated masterpiece!





            So, what do we mean what we say “animation pipeline”? In a simple sentence, it is the process animators use when creating a 3D animation. It involves scriptwriting, concept art, character modeling, rigging, animation, lighting, compositing, visual effects, and rendering. In fact, there’s a world of artistic freedom to uncover within each phase of the pipeline! 


            1. THE SCRIPT

            Every animation project begins with a script; the foundation of any compelling story. A professional animator has to first learn the art of crafting engaging narratives, exploring characters, and developing plots in order to captivate audiences. They delve into the fundamentals of good storytelling, honing their skills in character development, dialogue writing, and plot structure before diving into creating the 3D model.


            2. CONCEPT ART

            Once the script is finalized, it’s time to visualize the world and characters that will inhabit the animated story. The next element of the pipeline involves coming up with concept art. This is where animators bring their imagined characters and environments to life through sketches, digital illustrations, and mood boards. This step is essential to informing the entire design process and visual look of the animation. For example, a character could have a good-natured or evil nature – how is this reflected in the physical look of the character? 


            3. BUILDING YOUR MODEL

            With the concept art as a guide, it’s time to breathe life into your character! Using industry-standard 3D modeling software like Autodesk Maya or Blender, animators create detailed and realistic 3D models. They meticulously sculpt the characters, paying attention to intricate details that enhance their visual appeal and believability.


            animation pipeline


            4. ADDING TEXTURE

            Now it’s time to add colour and texture! When building a 3D model, it will start out as a flat gray model. This is the default colour for most software. To add colours and textures to the model, animators use 2D images to lay across the surface. The entirety of the colour of a 3D model is often the result of this texturing process.

            When it comes to software, animators use software like Adobe Substance 3D Painter or Blender to add colour and textures. You can also hand-paint the textures or use real photos to create a realistic appearance!


            5. RIGGING YOUR MODEL

            In order to move, characters need a virtual skeleton once they are modelled. Rigging is the process of creating a skeletal structure and defining how the character’s joints, muscles, and facial features will animate. Using tools like Autodesk Maya, you can create smooth and realistic movements for your animations, reinforcing believability and quality storytelling.


            6. ANIMATION

            Here is where the magic happens! Giving motion to your creation is like breathing life into your characters, making them feel like they’re real!

            animation pipeline

            Animating your characters involves a precise combination of timing, spacing, weight, and emotion, to create unique performances. Using techniques like keyframe animation, motion capture, or procedural animation, they make characters walk, run, emote, and interact with the world around them!


            7. LIGHT IT UP!

            Lighting in 3D animation is much like lighting in photography or filmmaking, and plays a crucial role in setting the mood of the scene. By using a combination of light sources, animators are able to establish the mood, focus the audience’s attention, or represent various environmental elements such as time of the day.

            Using lighting software like Autodesk Maya or Arnold allows animators to manipulate shadows, colors, and intensities to create visually stunning and immersive environments.



            Visual effects add those extra embellishments to 3D animated films. More specifically, animators use particle effects, simulations, and dynamics to create explosions, fire, water, and more subtle visuals such as fur blowing in the wind or clothing reacting to movement. 


            9. COMPOSITING

            Compositing is the process of integrating various elements, such as other characters, backgrounds, and effects, into a cohesive final moving picture. Animators will utilize software like Adobe After Effects or Nuke to combine different layers, adjust color grading, and add final touches to enhance the overall visual quality!


            10. TIME TO RENDER!

            The final step in the animation pipeline is rendering. This step can be the hardest of all for many animators! Not only does rendering demand quite a bit of computer power, it also can take anywhere from a few hours to a few days to finish a single render. (We wish we were kidding!) This process involves transforming the digital scene and characters into a finished image or sequence of frames. 


            animation pipeline


            And there you have it—an overview of a typical animation pipeline! The world of 3D animation is a fantastic place to establish a lifelong career if you love technology and want to work in a creative field. This is because of how each phase of the pipeline calls upon different artistic and analytical skills while providing a playground for creativity.

            Learn more about 3D animation by doing a deep dive into its history in film, or take a look at our five tips to break into the animation industry if you want to know more about this exciting industry!



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            Why Is Acting Important In 3D Animation?

            What Is The Difference Between 2D & 3D Animation?





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              how to film with green screen

              So you want to use a green screen in your next project! Green screen’s are a great way to introduce more fictional elements into your scene. In this blog post we’ll go through everything you need to know about how to film with green screen.

              how to film with green screen

              When it comes to blockbuster movies, we all know the fantastical backgrounds actually look quite underwhelming while on set. The real “magic” takes place in post production. By using green screens (and major help from VFX artists and compositors), filmmakers are creating worlds with an unbelievable sense of authenticity. Learning how to film with green screen can really level up your storytelling, no matter how small or large your production!




              Green screen is a visual effects (VFX) technique where two images or video streams are layered—i.e. composited—together. This technique called chroma keying involves replacing green colour with a new colour, image or piece of video footage. Think about behind-the-scenes clips or bloopers reels from Hollywood movies. It’s hard to miss the sheer amount of green you see on set.


              how to film with green screen


              Green screen basically lets you drop in whatever background images you want behind the actors and/or foreground. It can also be used to replace the contents of a computer screen or a cellphone. It’s used in film production (and also in news and weather reports) to relatively simply place a desired background behind the subject/actor/presenter. Additionally, when a location isn’t available—like a fictional, alien, historic, futuristic or even just hard-to-access location—green screen comes to the rescue!


              After the footage is shot, the compositors take over to bring in other on-screen elements:

              1. A new background is composited into the shot (i.e. two images or video streams are layered together)
              2. Chroma key singles out the selected colour (usually green) and digitally removes it by rendering it transparent. This lets the other image to show through.
              3. Compositors can then add any new elements to complex moving shots that may be required for the final shot (such as smoke, fire, rain, etc.)



              how to film with green screen


              WHY THE COLOUR GREEN?


              When it comes to chroma keying, a vibrant green or blue are the options of choice. Most often, a green-coloured screen will be your best option. This is because of a few reasons. First, the vibrant green is usually a distinctly different colour from anything on the subject (e.g. the actor’s clothes, eyes, hair, accessories). Secondly, green usually provides more luminance than blue, meaning it’s easier to light. The drawback to this is that green tends to bounce back more colour than blue screens, which could be problematic for low-light shoots.

              But green doesn’t necessarily work for everything, even in well-lit shoots. You wouldn’t be able to film Kermit the Frog against a green screen, for example—he’d disappear! In cases like this, using a blue screen would be a better choice.


              how to film with green screen


              When it comes to green screen, the key rule is no matching colours! The background has to be a completely different colour from the subject. Otherwise, if let’s say your actor is wearing a bright green tie in front of a green screen, he’ll end up with a transparent strip down his chest where the tie is supposed to be!





              Avoid green like the plague. Don’t have the subject wear or hold anything green or else the areas will be transparent once chroma-keyed.


              how to film with green screen


              Reflective materials are also a no-no. Shiny objects (e.g. glasses, large jewelry, props, etc.) will pick up the green from the screen and will also be rendered transparent. Very small jewelry is usually okay though.


              2. HAVE MAKEUP AVAILABLE

              Actors can look pale and sickly against a green background. You might need some makeup adjustments.


              3. ALLOW DEPTH

              For a full shot of your actor, you’ll need to back up the camera to allow the full figure shot plus a good separation between the subject and the green screen (usually at least 6 feet to avoid “spill”).

              Depending on the lens, you’ll typically want 25-30 feet depth for a full-length shot that doesn’t shoot off the edges of the background.



              To show your actor/subject from head to toe, the green screen has to continue down the wall and onto the floor under their feet.


              how to film with green screen


              A cove (a curved corner where the wall meets the floor) will smooth out the transition from wall to floor. You want to avoid shadows and hard lines that cause gradient changes in the green background.


              5. LIGHT EVENLY AND SOFTLY

              Light the green screen as smoothly as possible to give an even texture and gradient. The more even the lighting, the better and easier it’ll be to manipulate the material.

              Keep the green screen itself as clean and smooth as possible to maintain a consistent colour range. If the screen is fabric, make sure there aren’t any wrinkles. If painted, keep extra paint on hand to touch up any scuffs and scratches.


              6. LIGHT SEPARATELY

              The green background should be lit separately from the subject to avoid: a) the subject casting shadows on the background (causing uneven gradient) and b) a green hue bouncing off the subject, which will cause problems when removing the background.

              This is also why you’ll want at least six feet separation between background and subject.


              7. KEEP THE CAMERA STILL

              For simple green screen shots, keep the camera completely static. Lock down the camera so the subject doesn’t look like it’s vibrating or bouncing against the background when the camera moves even slightly.

              Zooming also looks very strange when filming with green screen. Your subject will look like it’s shrinking or growing in relation to the background.

              You can use motion control and motion trackers for more sophisticated 3D shots, but it’s a lot more work for the VFX team.



              Research and consider software based on the shots needed, the editing system, budget, and user experience. Your options for chroma key software will essentially depend on the type of shot.

              There’s free, user-friendly software for simpler shots, but they probably won’t be able to pull off the more sophisticated effects you see in feature films.


              And that’s pretty much all you need to know to learn how to film with green screen!  It might seem complicated, but these tips will help your shoot go smoothly. So go ahead and set your story on an alien planet! With time and practice, filming with green screen can open up an entirely new, almost unlimited, creative playground.



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                What is Digital Makeup in VFX Compositing? In this blog post we’ll delve into the concept of digital makeup in VFX compositing and its advantages and disadvantages, along with examples found in film and the advantages of traditional makeup over digital makeup.




                VFX compositing is the process of combining multiple visual elements, such as live-action footage, computer-generated imagery (CGI), and other visual elements, to create a seamless and convincing image or scene in a film or video. This involves matching the lighting, color, perspective, and other aspects of the different elements, and to remove or add elements as needed. VFX compositing allows filmmakers to create complex and spectacular visual effects that would be impossible or impractical to achieve through practical effects alone.


                WHAT IS DIGITAL MAKEUP?

                Digital makeup in compositing refers to the use of digital techniques to enhance or modify the appearance of actors or characters in a film or video. According to Hollywood compositor Allan McKay, digital makeup can include “everything from adding or removing wrinkles, scars, or tattoos, to changing the hair or eye color, to creating completely new creatures or characters.”



                It’s often used to create realistic or fantastical characters, creatures, or environments that cannot be achieved through practical effects alone. It can also be used to correct or enhance the performance of actors, such as removing blemishes, adjusting the facial expressions, or even replacing the face of a stunt double with that of the main actor.



                Using composited digital makeup in film production has both advantages and disadvantages. One of the main advantages is that it allows filmmakers to create highly realistic and detailed visual effects that would be difficult or impossible to achieve with practical makeup alone. Digital makeup can also be more cost-effective and time-efficient than practical makeup, as it doesn’t require the same level of setup and cleanup time. It can also be easily modified or adjusted in post-production.



                There are also some disadvantages to using digital makeup. One of the main challenges is maintaining the illusion of realism, as even small flaws or inconsistencies can detract from the overall effect. Additionally, using digital makeup requires a high level of technical expertise and specialized software, which can be costly and time-consuming to acquire and master.




                The Curious Case of Benjamin Button (2008)

                Digital makeup is used extensively in many Hollywood productions, and there are several popular examples of movies and TV shows that utilize this technique. One notable example is “The Curious Case of Benjamin Button,” which used extensive digital makeup to transform Brad Pitt into an elderly man. The techniques used in “The Curious Case of Benjamin Button” was groundbreaking in the world of visual effects at the time, and demonstrated the power of digital makeup to create realistic characters on screen.



                Guardians of the Galaxy (2014, 2017, 2023)

                Another example are the “Guardians of the Galaxy” movies, which used digital makeup to create the character of Drax. Actor Dave Bautista wore extensive makeup on set to create the character’s distinctive look, but the makeup was enhanced and refined using digital makeup and VFX compositing in post-production.


                what is digital makeup


                Game of Thrones (2011)

                In the land of television, “Game of Thrones” used digital makeup to create many of its characters. A great example are the White Walkers who made their first appearance in the very first episode. The visual effects team was able to create realistic makeup effects on these supernatural beings. Using digital makeup allowed for greater control over the final result, as well as the ability to create complex patterns and details on the actors’ skin. This would have otherwise been difficult or impossible to achieve with traditional makeup techniques.


                what is digital makeup


                The process involved using motion capture technology to track the actors’ movements and expressions, and then applying digital makeup effects to those movements. The team also used photogrammetry to capture detailed scans of the actors’ faces. This allowed them to create highly-realistic facial expressions and movements. By using digital makeup, the Game of Thrones VFX team was able to create the otherworldly look of the White Walkers!


                Westworld (2016)

                Finally, the show “Westworld” also uses digital makeup to create the robotic hosts, allowing for more detailed and intricate designs. By using digital makeup in this way, the team is able to create eerily believable characters to add to the show’s already impressive visual effects.


                what is digital makeup



                Traditional makeup techniques and modern day digital makeup techniques both have their own unique advantages and disadvantages. Traditional makeup involves the use of physical materials and tools to create a character’s appearance, such as prosthetics, makeup, and costumes. Traditional makeup techniques can provide a sense of realism and depth that is difficult to achieve with digital makeup, and they allow actors to physically embody their characters. However, traditional makeup techniques can also be time-consuming and expensive, and may limit the flexibility and creativity of the final design.


                In contrast, digital makeup offers more flexibility and control, allowing artists to create more complex and detailed designs. It also offers the ability to manipulate and enhance an actor’s performance, making it possible to add or remove facial expressions or even change the entire appearance of a character. However, digital makeup can also be just as time-consuming and requires a high level of technical expertise to achieve convincing results. Overall, both traditional and digital makeup techniques have their own advantages and limitations, and are often used in combination to create the most effective and visually striking final product.


                DIGITAL MAKEUP TOOLS

                Creating digital makeup in VFX compositing requires specialized software and hardware. One of the most popular software used by visual effects artists is Adobe After Effects, which is used for creating and manipulating digital layers and visual effects. Other software that are commonly used for creating digital makeup include NUKE, Fusion, and Flame. These software offer a wide range of tools and techniques that allow artists to create highly detailed and realistic effects.


                what is digital makeup


                Additionally, a high-performance computer with a powerful graphics card is often required to handle the intensive processing demands VFX software. Many artists also use drawing tablets to mimic the tactile experience of traditional makeup application.


                In some cases, facial motion capture technology may also be used to capture an actor’s facial expressions and movements, which can be used to enhance the digital makeup effect. Overall, the use of specialized software and hardware is essential for creating convincing and visually stunning digital makeup in the film industry.



                VFX artists specializing in digital makeup require a specific set of skills and training to excel in their field. These artists must have a deep understanding of traditional makeup techniques and an eye for detail to create seamless effects in film. They must also be well-versed in software such as Nuke, Photoshop, and After Effects, along with mastering color theory and composition.


                what is digital makeup


                Knowledge of anatomy, physiology, and lighting is also crucial to create realistic effects. Training for digital makeup often includes a degree in visual effects, makeup artistry, or animation, as well as internships or apprenticeships with industry professionals. Continuing education and staying up-to-date with emerging technologies and software is also essential in this constantly evolving field.




                Trends & Innovations

                In recent years, digital makeup has seen significant advancements in VFX compositing. This is thanks to the emergence of cutting-edge technologies and techniques. One of the most exciting innovations in this field is the use of AI-powered deep learning algorithms. These advances can generate photorealistic skin textures, wrinkles, and other subtle details that can be difficult to create manually. Additionally, the use of motion capture and facial performance capture technologies over the years has allowed for more nuanced and realistic expressions. With these advancements, VFX artists specializing in digital makeup are pushing the boundaries, creating more immersive visual effects that add depth and realism to the stories we see on the big screen.


                Challenges & Opportunities

                Aspiring VFX artists specializing in digital makeup will encounter both challenges and opportunities in the future of the industry. One challenge is the growing competition in the field. This is due to more and more artists are drawn to the exciting world of VFX. To stand out, aspiring artists will need to stay up-to-date with the latest technologies and software, and continuously improve their skills through ongoing training.

                Another challenge is the demand for faster turnarounds and higher quality effects. This can place pressure on artists to work efficiently while maintaining their creative standards. However, these challenges also present opportunities for aspiring artists to innovate and experiment with new techniques, workflows, and technologies. Additionally, the growing demand for high-quality VFX provides a wider range of opportunities for artists to showcase their skills and creativity.

                With hard work, dedication, and a passion for their craft, aspiring VFX artists can overcome these challenges and carve out a successful career in the exciting and dynamic field of visual effects for film and television.


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                how to be a video editor


                how to be a video editor


                Video editing is a crucial part of the post-production process that can make or break a video project. A good editor can enhance the footage by using a variety of techniques such as pacing, timing, color grading, and sound design, resulting in a polished and professional final product. On the other hand, a poorly edited video can detract from the footage’s impact, leaving viewers disengaged and uninterested. With this in mind, here are 6 great tips for aspiring video editors looking to turn their passion into a professional career.


                Read more